Politics of the Federated States of Micronesia

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The politics of the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) takes place in a framework of a federal assembly-independent representative democratic republic. The President of the Federated States of Micronesia is both head of state and head of government. Executive power is exercised by the president and his cabinet, while legislative power is vested in both the president and the Congress. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.

The internal workings of the FSM are governed by the 1979 constitution, which guarantees fundamental human rights and establishes a separation of governmental powers. The Federation is in free association with the United States; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 3 November 1986.

Executive branch[edit]

Main office holders[1]
Office Name Party Since
President Wesley Simina Independent 11 May 2023
Vice President Aren Palik Independent 13 September 2022

The president and the vice president are elected by Congress from among the four senators-at-large for four-year terms. The president is both the chief of state and head of government. Their congressional seats are then filled by special elections. The president and vice president are supported by an appointed cabinet.


The President and Vice President are supported in the administration by a Cabinet made up of 9 appointed officials. They are: the Secretaries of the Department of Environment, Climate Change & Emergency Management (DECEM), the Department of Justice (DOJ), the Department of Foreign Affairs (Foreign Affairs), the Department of Resource & Development (R&D), the Department of Health & Social Affairs (DHSA), the Department of Transportation, Communications, & Infrastructure (TC&I), and the Department of Education (DOE); the heads of the Office of the Public Defender, Office of National Archives, Culture, & Historic Preservations, and FSM Postal Services. Other Cabinet-level officials include the director of the National Oceanic Resource & Maritime Authority, Coconut Development Authority, FSM Banking Board, and National Fisheries Corporation.[2]

Cabinet of Micronesia[2]
Department Dept. Head's Title Department Head
Department of Education Secretary The Honorable Gardenia Aisek
Department of Finance and Administration Secretary The Honorable Rose Nakanaga
Department of Foreign Affairs Secretary The Honorable Lorin Robert

Deputy Secretary: Ricky Cantero

Department of Health and Social Affairs Secretary The Honorable Marcus Samo
Department of Justice Secretary The Honorable Joses R. Gallen
Department of Resource & Development Secretary The Honorable Elina Akinaga
Department of Transportation, Communication, and Infrastructure Secretary The Honorable Carlson Apis
Department of Environment, Climate Change & Emergency Management Secretary The Honorable Andrew Yatilman
Office of Public Defender Chief Public Defender Vacant
FSM Postal Services Postmaster General Ginger Porter Mida
National Archives, Culture and Historic Preservation Office Director Dr. Rufino Mauricio
Cabinet-level officials
Coconut Development Authority General Manager Peterson Sam
FSM Banking Board
National Fisheries Corporation President & CEO Patricia Jack-Jossien
National Oceanic Resource and Maritime Authority (NORMA) Executive Director Eugene Pangelinan

Legislative branch[edit]

The Congress has fourteen non-partisan members, ten members elected for a two-year term in single-seat constituencies and four members elected for a four-year term, one from each state at large.

Judicial branch[edit]

The judiciary is headed by the Supreme Court of the Federated States of Micronesia, which is divided into trial and appellate divisions. The president appoints judges with the advice and consent of the Congress. Andon Amaraich was Chief Justice of the Federated States of Micronesia until his death in January 2010. He was succeeded by Martin G. Yinug, who served until his death on August 31, 2014.[3] He was succeeded by Dennis K. Yamase, who continues to serve as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court since his investiture on October 2, 2015.[4]

Political parties and elections[edit]

A head of state (the President) and a legislature are elected on a national level. At the 2011 election, only non-partisans have been elected. The president is elected for a four-year term by Congress. There are no political parties in Micronesia, though they are not banned. Political allegiances depend mainly on family and island-related factors.

Government Agencies[edit]

The government of Micronesia includes national agencies to serve the Micronesian people. The FSM Social Security Administration, FSM Telecommunications Corporation, Office of the Public Auditor, and FSM PetroCorp are independent agencies.

Government Agencies[1][5]
Agency Dept. Head's Title Department Head
College of Micronesia-FSM President Dr. Joseph Daisy
FSM Development Bank President & CEO Anna Mendiola
FSM Social Security Administration Administrator Alexander Narruhn
FSM Telecommunications Corporation General Manager John Sohl
National Election Commission Director Kimeuo Kimuo
Office of the Public Auditor Public Auditor Haser Hainrick

Administrative divisions[edit]

The FSM is divided in four states: Chuuk (Truk), Kosrae, Pohnpei, and Yap. Each has its own constitution, elected legislature, governor, and lieutenant governor. The state governments maintain considerable power, particularly regarding the implementation of budgetary policies.

Current Governors and Lt. Governors[6]
State Governor Lt. Governor
Chuuk State Alexander Narruhn Mekeioshy William
Kosrae State Tulensa Palik Arthy G. Nena
Pohnpei State Reed Oliver Francisco Ioanis
Yap State Charles Chieng Francis Itimai

International organization participation[edit]

Micronesia is a member of the following international organizations:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "FSM National Government". www.fsmgov.org. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  2. ^ a b "Cabinet Members". www.fsmpio.fm. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  3. ^ "Press Release for CJ Yinug" (PDF). fsmsupremecourt.org. September 1, 2014. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2014-09-28. Retrieved February 23, 2017.
  4. ^ "The Honorable Dennis K. Yamase Takes Oath to Allow Work to Begin as New Chief Justice" (PDF). October 8, 2015. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-01-15. Retrieved February 23, 2017.
  5. ^ "agencies". www.fsmpio.fm. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  6. ^ "State". gov.fm. Retrieved 2020-10-11.

External links[edit]